Depending on the severity of a patient's gum recession, treatments include antibiotics, tooth scaling and root planing at the dentist, notes WebMD. More serious cases of gum recession require surgery, such as the regeneration of bone and tissue loss, soft tissue grafts and pocket depth reduction. Smoking, poor dental health and unhealthy dietary habits all contribute to gum recession and should be remedied as preventative measures.
Gum disease often begins with gum recession when poor dental habits, the use of tobacco products and gum infections begin to slowly pull the gum away from the teeth and expose more surface area, according to WebMD. This activity can advance until the actual root is laid bare. The movement of the gum away from the teeth causes open areas where bacteria is able to lodge itself and proliferate. Gum recession progresses slowly and people, especially those who do not visit the dentist for regular exams, often do not realize it is happening until symptoms begin to manifest. According to WebMD, genetics, teeth grinding, hormonal fluctuations and misaligned teeth are all factors that contribute to gum recession. Lip and tongue piercings can also rub against the gums and cause unnecessary tooth exposure. It is best to monitor gum health frequently and catch gum recession in its early stages to avoid costly surgeries and advanced dental complications.