According to Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library, exercises that strengthen the back and abdominal muscles can alleviate the symptoms of a compressed vertebra. The exercises should be performed under the supervision of a physician or physical therapist who can ensure the exercises are done safely.
Exercises that strengthen abdominal muscles include the pelvic tilt and trunk curl, according to Spine-Health. To perform a pelvic tilt, a person lies on her back with her knees bent, feet parallel on the floor and arms to the side. She pulls her navel to her spine and holds that pose for five seconds. For trunk curls, a person also begins by lying on the floor with her knees bent. She crosses her arms over her chest, and then uses her upper abdominal muscles to raise her chest slightly, about 15 degrees. She holds that pose for five seconds and then lowers her trunk to the floor.
An exercise that strengthens the back muscles is the arm and leg raise, states Spine-Health. A person begins on her hands and knees, with the hands directly below the shoulders and the knees directly below the hips. She slowly raises her left leg, straightens it at hip level, and then raises her right arm to shoulder level, keeping her back straight without arching. She holds the pose for five seconds, lowers her leg and arm, and then repeats the pose with the right leg and left arm.