The benefits of an online voting system include better accessibility for people with disabilities or those who live abroad, being more appealing to younger generations and faster access to results. In some cases, online voting also leads to higher voter turnout, depending on the time it remains active.
Another benefit of online voting is that it reduces the cost of participating in an election, particularly for those who have to travel to reach the polling place. It also provides an option to vote at any time during the election process. For people who are visually or hearing impaired, online voting provides a higher degree of secrecy because they don’t have to rely on outside assistance while casting a vote. Although the initial cost of setting up the necessary infrastructure is high, online voting is generally less expensive in the long term when compared to traditional paper ballots. Thanks to the reduction in ballot errors, since the computer system is typically designed to prevent them, online voting provides better quality and more reliable results.
Despite its advantages, online voting includes drawbacks such as security breaches whereby hackers could manipulate the results or use denial of service attacks to prevent people from voting. It also introduces a divide between people who have reliable access to the Internet and those who either can’t go online or aren’t technically savvy.