According to tradition, Homer wrote the "Iliad" before 750 B.C. However, because this poem documenting the events of the Trojan War was written down so long ago, there is much debate as to the identity of its author.
Many scholars believe that the "Iliad" and its companion poem the "Odyssey" come not from the mind of one man, but from the mutual work of many people, according to the University of Cincinnati. Pointing to the repetition and formulas in the poems, these scholars suggest that the poems attributed to Homer were actually composed orally and evolved over many generations into their final forms. Others argue that the complexity of the plot and writing and the consistent characterization point to a solitary author. Debate continues due to the scarcity of solid historical evidence.