"Common Sense" was written by Thomas Paine in 1776. Paine initially remained anonymous and championed the cause of independence from Britain from the point of view of the common people.
Born in 1737, Paine was the son of a Quaker corsetmaker from Thetford, England. Paine remained in England until 1774 when he came to America with the aid of Benjamin Franklin. He became a journalist, publishing his thoughts on the escalating conflict with Great Britain and the nature of freedom as it pertains to citizens of every country. His "Common Sense" swept the colonies and was read aloud to masses of people by prominent figures such as John Adams, who later stated that without the author of "Common Sense" there could not have been a revolution.