"Animal Farm" was written by British political novelist Eric Blair under the pen name George Orwell. Orwell was born in Bengal, India, in 1903 and attended several high-ranking private schools in England throughout his adolescence.
George Orwell's experiences with British imperialism encouraged him to speak against the excess of government and to ultimately become a socialist. Orwell became an advocate of freedom and was known to openly debate against capitalism and communism. His beliefs inspired him to write two anti-totalitarian novels, "Animal Farm" and "1984." Both novels depict totalitarian communist societies that have eradicated personal freedom. "Animal Farm" is an allegory that uses animals to tell the story of Soviet communism.