Graciano Lopez Jaena was a famous 19th century Filipino author and political activist. His writings span multiple media, but they generally concern social justice issues in his home country of the Philippines and an ardent desire to see it free from Spanish rule. Lopez Jaena's writing career was cut short at the age of 40, when he died of tuberculosis.Continue Reading
Originally planning to become a doctor, Lopez Jaena was rejected by the University of St. Thomas, though he later found an apprenticeship at a local hospital where he learned some medicine. Funding soon ran out, however, and his family had nothing to offer by way of monetary support. According to the University of Vienna, it was then that Lopez Jaena started treating the local poor and was struck by the squalor and injustice all around them. At 18, he wrote an incendiary piece called "Fray Botod," in which he showcased the hypocrisy and corruption of a local priest. Soon Lopez Jaena's written work began attacking local political officials and calling for reform. Pressure from authorities eventually forced the young author to relocate to Spain, where he moved into a career in journalism. His work included acting as first editor of the propaganda newspaper Solidarity, as well as producing a published anthology of his speeches and articles. Other notable literary works included "The Daughter of the Friar" and "Hope."
It is possible that Lopez Jaenas' death by tuberculosis ultimately allowed him to cheat the executioner. In the coming months, two of his fellow Filipino propagandists, Marcel H. del Pilar and Jose Rizal, met their ends by firing squad. Two years later, the Philippines gained independence from Spain.Learn more about Literature
Some famous Filipino writers are Maribeth de la Cruz (pen name Martha Cecilia), Carlo J. Caparas, Mars Ravelo, Nick Joaquin, Gilda Olvidado, Lualhati Bautista, Jose Rizal, Francisco Balagtas, Bob Ong and Francisco Sionil Jose. All 10 writers have been recognized with awards in Philippine literature.Full Answer >
The Filipino literary contemporary period is characterized by the use of native languages as the main tool of literary expression rather than foreign languages. The contemporary period began in the 1960s but truly began to flourish following the end of the martial-law dictatorship in 1986.Full Answer >
The Philippines were occupied by Japan during WWII, which produced many long lasting effects, both good and bad, on Filipino literature. Writing in Tagalog, the native Philippine language, was greatly encouraged, while writing in English was severely limited and often forbidden altogether. Furthermore, there was no freedom of speech or press, and censorship was widely practiced.Full Answer >
The author's purpose is the main reason or reasons why an author writes about a particular topic. Authors bring out their purpose through different sorts of writing formats, genres and languages. An author's purpose can be to persuade or convince, inform or entertain the readers.Full Answer >