Winston Smith believes that hope for the future lies in the proles because it is their rebellion that can bring down Big Brother, and usher in a change in the government. Proles, or proletarians, are the working class and comprise about 80 percent of the population.
Winston sees proles as happy workers who are ignorant. Although they are not smart, the workers are free from scrutiny and constant monitoring by the party. Smith hates Big Brother and the numerous restrictions it imposes on party workers. He works in the Ministry of Truth which is responsible for altering historical records.
The novel, 1984, by George Orwell highlights the story of Winston Smith and the ruling party, Big Brother. The party prohibits freedom of any kind and keeps a constant vigil of its workers.