Popular musical artists of the 1960s included Bob Dylan, Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, The Beatles and Marvin Gaye. Prior to 1963, music mirrored that of the previous generation, yet in the years following, it reflected the tremendous upheaval caused by the Vietnam War, the assassination of President Kennedy and the Civil Rights movement. Around the same time, Americans threw themselves into massive hysteria over British band The Beatles, which led to major changes in the way people interacted with music.
Several genres of music took the lead in the 1960s: the "British Invasion," motown or R&B, surf rock or psychedelic rock, roots rock, and folk rock or "protest music." Acapella music also became popular during this time.
With artists such as The Kinks, Dusty Springfield, Herman's Hermits and The Rolling Stones gaining popularity, the "British Invasion" saw an onslaught of people from Britain making a huge mark on music within America and the world. After appearing on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1964, The Beatles topped worldwide charts until they disbanded in 1970.
Popular in the latter part of the 1960s, psychedelic rock intended to improve the experience of its listeners who were under the influence of hallucinogenic drugs. Artists such as The Jimi Hendrix Experience, Pink Floyd, The Doors and Jefferson Airplane experimented with music, blending Indian and Eastern music into their own unusual instruments.