Who Were Some Notable Greek Gods and Goddesses?

Zeus, Hades, Apollo, Ares and Dionysus are notable Greek gods, whereas Athena, Hestia, Hera and Aphrodite are notable Greek goddesses. Demeter, Hephaestus, Hermes, Artemis and Poseidon are also major Greek gods.

According to Greek mythology, Zeus, the son of the Titan Cronus, defeated his father to become the king of Mount Olympus. He is the lord of the sky, and his weapon is a thunderbolt. Hades is Zeus's brother and the god of wealth. The lord of the underworld, he dwells underground and rules over the dead.

Apollo is the god of knowledge, healing, plague, prophecy and the arts. He is depicted as a very handsome, beardless young man with long hair and an ideal physique. Ares is the god of war. The son of Zeus and Hera, he represents the unpleasant aspects of battle, such as chaos and bloodshed.

Athena, the daughter of Zeus, is the goddess of the city, handicrafts and agriculture. The city of Athens is named in her honor. Hera, the wife of Zeus, is the queen of the gods. She is the goddess of marriage, women, childbirth, kings and empires.

Aphrodite is the goddess of fertility, love and beauty. She owns a magical girdle that can compel anyone to desire her. Her symbols include roses and other flowers.