Well-known Italian painters from the 20th century include Giorgio de Chirico, Lucio Fontana, Piero Manzoni, Michelangelo Pistoletto and Giorgio Morandi. These artists made significant contributions to modern art, participating in various artistic movements that have included surrealism, Arte Povera, COBRA and metaphysical art.
There are many great Italian artists of the 20th century who have greatly affected the trajectory of modern art. Futurists such as Gino Severini and Carlo Carra were at the forefront of the futurism movement during World War I, presenting their vision of reinvigorated nationalism. Artists such as Morandi and de Chirico offered a return to more classical Italian ideas and were significant influences to the surrealism.
Manzoni is considered one of the godfathers of contemporary art. While he worked in a variety of media, he is well-known for his series of achromes or white paintings, which represented a radical and avant-garde aesthetic at the time and would become a major inspiration for minimalism thereafter.
Fontana and Pistoletto rank among the most acclaimed modern artists. Their work often appears to achieve staggering results. Fontana is best known for his incised or slashed monochromatic canvases, while Pistoletto is renowned for his portraits of individuals that he painted on mirrors.