In Dante Alighieri's "The Divine Comedy," the ghost of Virgil is Dante's guide as he travels through Hell, Purgatory and Heaven on his path toward spiritual redemption. Literary scholars believe Dante chose Virgil because he admired Virgil's work above all other poets and because Virgil wrote of a similar journey.
Virgil is considered the Romans' greatest poet, an opinion upheld today by literary scholars, due to his skill and mastery of language. His eminent work, the "Aeneid," tells the story of the founding of Rome and the Romans' mission to civilize the world through divine guidance. Many Classical literature experts believe that Virgil's "Aeneid" greatly influenced "The Divine Comedy," an epic poem written in three books between 1308 and 1321.