Basic concepts of fire station design promote a good quality of life for occupants, maintain a safe and healthy environment and incorporate flexibility for future growth, according to Whole Building Design Guide. Prime considerations include configuration and location of dormitories and office space, community outreach facilities, and equipment bays and garages.
Fire stations are designed according to industry standards for safety and functionality. Because fire trucks have specific sizes and weights, garage floors and driveways must be strong enough to support them for long periods of time. The doors at either end of garages must be tall enough for both truck and firemen to pass through safely. In addition, living quarters and office space must be sealed against exhaust and other contamination that may occur during equipment maintenance.
In addition to these practical considerations, local building ordinances dealing with issues such as fire safety and setback must be met, and fire stations must also be designed so the fire crew’s response time isn’t slowed by the station’s floor plan. Halls must be wide enough to accommodate several people moving at once. Offices, weight rooms, dining rooms and kitchens must be large enough to push furniture and other obstacles away from doorways.