Typically, self-evaluations encompass both an employee's achievements and successes as well as her weaknesses and areas for improvement. Effective self-evaluations confidentially recount successful projects and decisions the employee had a hand in but also admit to weaknesses, mistakes, or work that was not up to standards. When discussing weaknesses, thorough self-evaluations welcome critical feedback.
When planning a self-evaluation, it may be helpful to break down the information into a streamlined spreadsheet format. One example of a way to do this when discussing successes is to create a column listing successful projects, a column listing what was done to contribute to the success, a column listing how the project improved the company, and a column listing how management and co-workers reacted to the project's success. Referencing the spreadsheet while forming sentences allows for a coherent, cohesive thought process on the page.
To expertly craft the section of a self-evaluation that addresses weaknesses and areas for improvement, employees can directly address shortcomings, such as unfinished projects or unmet goals, by taking full responsibility for them, rather than blaming co-workers or some outside force. By taking responsibility, such shortcomings may then be presented as opportunities to grow and improve. Effective self-evaluations critically examine why a goal wasn't met and showcase a desire to learn from that experience.