Two-dimensional art refers to any artwork depicted on a flat surface, typically paintings, sketches, photographs or prints. The two key components of two-dimensional art are media and composition.
Aside from differences in subject matters, two-dimensional art is also executed using a variety of techniques. Paintings and drawings are usually created by using ink, tempera, watercolors or charcoal pencils, while oils are commonly used for paintings. Each method produces unique qualities that distinguish an artwork from other pieces.
The essential elements and principles that constitute two-dimensional art include color, form, balance, repetition and line, which serves as its fundamental unit. Line and form contribute structure and shape, while color is meant to be evocative. Repetition and balance provide the arrangement and symmetry to a two-dimensional artwork.