What True Story Is the "Shawshank Redemption" Based On?

What True Story Is the "Shawshank Redemption" Based On?

"The Shawshank Redemption," starring Tim Robbins and Morgan Freeman, was not based on a true story; it was based on a fictional short story by Stephen King called "Rita Hayworth and the Shawshank Redemption." Writer-director Frank Darabont purchased the rights from King for just $1.

Released in 1994, "The Shawshank Redemption" received rave reviews from critics and was nominated for seven Academy Awards, but was a commercial failure at the U.S. box office, grossing under $30 million. It ultimately became a hit on home video and scored record-breaking TV ratings on TNT. In 2007, AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies placed "The Shawshank Redemption" at number 72 on a list of the best movies of all time, and Empire magazine named "Shawshank" the fourth greatest movie of all time.