The Trojan War, which pitted the Greeks and the people of Troy and their allies against each other, lasted from 1194 to 1184 B.C. The war largely took place in Troy, a city on Asia Minor, or what is today the country of Turkey.
Paris, the son of the Trojan king, and Helen, the wife of Sparta's Menelaus, caused the Trojan War when they ran away together, according to historians. Menelaus' brother, Agamemnon, launched an attack on Troy. The war ended when the Greeks pretended to retreat, gifting the Trojans with a large wooden horse. Little did the Trojans know that a raiding party waited inside the horse. When the Trojans brought the horse inside their city, the Greeks revealed themselves, ultimately overwhelming the Trojan forces and winning the war. Homer wrote about the Trojan War in the Iliad and in the Odyssey, though how much is fact and how much is fiction is unknown.