Treatments for rashes in children vary depending on the rash: parents or medical professionals may provide relief with medication, applying moisturizer and cream, washing and drying the affected area regularly and reducing the amount of moisture and humidity in the home. Rashes in children frequently appear as symptoms of many bacterial and viral diseases, say experts at WebMD. Rashes may present as patches of red, itchy or dry skin, and stem from benign causes such as cold, dry air or infections.
Diseases that may cause rashes in children include: measles, rubella, chicken pox, fungi, scarlet fever, enteroviruses and impetigo. One common source of disease-related rashes in children is chicken pox. This illness presents with a small patch of irritated skin, characterized by redness and itching. Caregivers may provide treatment with topical medications.
A common cause of rashes in children younger than age 2 is diaper rash. Treatment for this unpleasant condition includes changing diapers frequently to let the skin dry and heal and applying topical creams and lotions, according to the National Library of Medicine.
Parents should avoid putting powder on rashes, as children may inhale the powder and suffer respiratory irritation. Lotions and ointments, either prescribed or purchased over the counter, alleviate many rashes. As with other medical conditions, parents should contact their children's physician for treatment advice.