Jane Austen was born in 1775 in England, on the cusp of the Industrial Revolution. She spent the majority of her adult life in the Regency Period, which began in 1811. During this time, King George IV was named regent; his father, King George III had been declared insane.
The younger George was then head of a nation that was at war with France. Shortly after that, England was at war with the United States. The period was considered one of great opulence and riches, and was considered one of ease to those in the upper-middle classes, as seen in the settings of Jane's novels.