Q:

What are the three orders of Greek architecture?

A:

Quick Answer

The three orders of Classical Greek architecture are the Doric, the Ionic and the Corinthian. The most marked difference between these three orders is the different types of columns that each employs.

Continue Reading

Full Answer

The Doric order is the simplest of the three. In Doric architecture, all of the fluted columns share the same base, and their capitals consist of two parts: a convex shape called an abacus and a rectangular shape known as an echinus. The columns tend to be squat.

Columns in Ionic architecture are thinner, but they still taper toward the bottom. Each Ionic column has its own base. On Ionic capitals, the echinus has two volutes, or scrolls, resting on a base of palm-leaf ornamentation.

Corinthian columns are also slender, bulging slightly in the middle. Each column has its own base, and the elaborate capitals display a bell-shaped echinus decorated with acanthus leaves and scrolls.

Learn more about Architecture

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is an important concept in Greek art and architecture?

    A:

    An important concept in Greek art and architecture was arete, a Greek word meaning excellence, particularly in human accomplishments. Through their temples, sculpture, and pottery, the Greeks exhibited the principle of their culture – “Man is the measure of all things.”

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What language did the Ancient Greeks speak?

    A:

    The Ancient Greeks spoke Ancient Greek with three different major dialects: Aeolic, Doric and Ionic. They were the first Europeans to both read and write with an alphabet. This alphabet eventually led to the development of all modern European languages.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How does Roman architecture impact modern society?

    A:

    Roman architecture consisted of numerous structures, styles and utilitarian solutions that are still used in modern times. For example, the Romans popularized the use of the dome and the arch. Their use of aqueducts and sewage systems revolutionized the science of civil engineering.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are some famous futuristic-looking buildings?

    A:

    Expressionist architecture boasts many world famous, futuristic looking buildings including the Sydney Opera House in Australia, the Biosphère in Montreal, and the Yoyogi National Gymnasium in Tokyo, host of the 2020 Summer Olympic Games. Many music venues worldwide feature this fantasy-inspired style, including the Guangzhou Opera House in China, the Copenhagen Opera House, the Berlin Philharmonic and the Auditorio de Tenerife in Spain.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore