Q:

What are the three orders of Greek architecture?

A:

Quick Answer

The three orders of Classical Greek architecture are the Doric, the Ionic and the Corinthian. The most marked difference between these three orders is the different types of columns that each employs.

Continue Reading

Full Answer

The Doric order is the simplest of the three. In Doric architecture, all of the fluted columns share the same base, and their capitals consist of two parts: a convex shape called an abacus and a rectangular shape known as an echinus. The columns tend to be squat.

Columns in Ionic architecture are thinner, but they still taper toward the bottom. Each Ionic column has its own base. On Ionic capitals, the echinus has two volutes, or scrolls, resting on a base of palm-leaf ornamentation.

Corinthian columns are also slender, bulging slightly in the middle. Each column has its own base, and the elaborate capitals display a bell-shaped echinus decorated with acanthus leaves and scrolls.

Learn more about Architecture

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is an important concept in Greek art and architecture?

    A:

    An important concept in Greek art and architecture was arete, a Greek word meaning excellence, particularly in human accomplishments. Through their temples, sculpture, and pottery, the Greeks exhibited the principle of their culture – “Man is the measure of all things.”

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What language did the Ancient Greeks speak?

    A:

    The Ancient Greeks spoke Ancient Greek with three different major dialects: Aeolic, Doric and Ionic. They were the first Europeans to both read and write with an alphabet. This alphabet eventually led to the development of all modern European languages.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Why is architecture important to society?

    A:

    On a basic level, architecture is important to society because it provides the physical environment in which we live. At a deeper level, architecture provides an expression of human civilization at a fixed point in time, which endures as a monument for study by future generations.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are some good architect schools?

    A:

    The best undergraduate architecture programs in the United States include those offered by Cornell University, Rice University, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, and Syracuse University, according to the 2015 rankings released by DesignIntelligence. The rankings were calculated by surveying students and 1,400 professional practice organizations.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore