"Oliver Twist" by Charles Dickens has multiple themes. Failure of charity, recklessness of individualism, purity in a corrupt city and idealized countryside are themes of this novel.
Failure of charity is represented when Oliver challenges the church and the government over the Poor Law of 1834. The recklessness of individualism is shown through the thought that society would profit from citizens looking out for themselves and the consequences of those actions. The country is shown to be idealized through the treatment of the poor. The poor in this novel are treated unjustly and suffer more when they live in the city, but Oliver finds a more-pleasant existence when he goes to the countryside.