The main theme of A.E. Housman's poem "To an Athlete Dying Young" is death. Study of the structure and meaning of this poem can help an individual more fully understand some of the complexities of death.
Even though Housman's poem seems to center on death at a superficial level, many additional themes can be teased out through careful literary analysis. Admiration and celebration are found in the poem as evidenced by lines such as "man and boy stood cheering by." Through the mention of "silence" sounding "no worse than cheers," the poet urges readers to live their lives with a sense of meaning, rather than quitting and becoming quiet.