"The Swamp Dwellers" is a play that focuses on the lives of the people of southern Nigeria in the 1950s. It portrays the struggle between rural and urban life in the country and also focuses on the struggle between human beings and nature.
Wole Soyinka, a Nigerian playwright and poet, was the first African to be awarded the Nobel Prize in literature in 1986. He took an active role in Nigeria's political history and its struggle for independence from Great Britain. It is noted that he drew inspiration for "The Swamp Dwellers" from his time spent in London while he was still adjusting from his move from Africa.