Graciano Lopez Jaena's "Fray Botod" portrays a bloated, hypocritical priest as a metaphor for the abuses of the Catholic Church as part of Spanish rule in the Philippines. Jaena is, to this day, a beloved figure in the Philippines and considered a father of the revolution against Spanish rule.Continue Reading
The priest in "Fray Botod" uses religion to exploit and oppress his subjects. A man of vast and morally questionable appetites, he takes advantage of his position to pursue everything from drunkenness and gluttony to exploitative relationships with young girls. The titular character neglects his parish duties, pursues gambling, threatens and punishes college students arbitrarily, treats workers barbarously, and generally conducts business in a wholly corrupt fashion.
Written when Graciano Lopez Jaena was 18, "Fray Botod" can be loosely translated as pot-bellied friar. Jaena left the Philippines in 1880, shortly after the publication of "Fray Botod," to study medicine in Spain under pressure from Spanish authorities. As a caricature and satire on Spanish rule in the Philippines, and the oppressive influence of the Roman Catholic Church, the story was symbolic and became an irritant to the Spanish authorities and an inspiration to the Philippine Propaganda movement. This was a cause Jaena became closely associated with even in exile from his home country.Learn more about Fiction
An example of a metaphor in the prologue of "Antigone" is when the character Ismene says, "The law is strong, we must give in to the law/In this thing, and in worse." The law in this case is a metaphor for the new ruler of Thebes, Creon. Creon has decreed that Ismene and Antigone's brother, Polyneices, should not be given the proper burial rights.Full Answer >
As of early 2015, the eighth book in the Safehold series, entitled "Hell's Foundations Quiver," is scheduled to be published September 8, 2015, but the book will likelycontinue to follow the exploits of Merlin and the country of Chalis as it rises to challenge the power of the Church. Selected snippets of the book are available on the author's website.Full Answer >
The most important rule to submitting a short story for publication is to watch the guidelines for whatever media the piece is being submitted to, according to Writer's Digest. Being well read in the media a piece is being submitted to is also important, as is including a cover letter with the piece explaining what the general idea is and why it should be considered for publication.
The number of words used in a novel is typically dependent on the author; however, the rule of thumb for a commercially successful novel is between 80,000 and 89,999 words. The length of a novel often depends on the intended target audience and the genre.Full Answer >