Popular square dancing calls include "Promenade," "Do-si-do," "Allemande," "Circle left/right," "Face your partner" and "Face your corner." Many square dancing terms are French in origin.
Square dancing is a form of dancing that is a variation of English country dancing. The primary differences between the two are that English country dancing is based on a group of six dancers in two lines facing each other, and square dancing is formed around a square of eight people. A caller tells members of the square which steps to perform, and they respond.
One of the simplest commands is the command to "face your partner." When given this command, partners turn to face each other. Conversely when told to "face your corner," dancers turn toward the respective corners of the square, facing a partner of the couple to either the left or right. "Circle" left or right is another simple-to-follow command in which dancers walk in a circle in the direction they are told until the caller issues another command. "Promenade" commands couples to walk shoulder-to-shoulder in a circle until they either reach the point from which they started or are given another command by the caller. "Allemande" is a call given when dancers are to turn and face their corners before using their arms to weave in and out with the other people in the square. A "do-si-do" is when a couple circles each other while continuing to face the same directions they were facing originally, passing "back-to-back" as they do so.