To compile songs that relate to the book "The Catcher in the Rye", the major themes of the story should match the themes of the songs' lyrics. Most complex works of fiction are open to many and varied interpretations and therefore the songs that relate are a matter of the reader's interpretation of those themes.
The major recurring themes in "The Catcher in the Rye" are an aversion to manipulation, adulthood and sentimentality while embracing the authentic. Holden, the main character, appreciates the jazz music of Estelle Fletcher singing "Little Shirley Beans" because it does not cater to the audience. Death, sexual confusion and innocence are a few other major themes addressed. Any musical lyrics that deal with these themes would relate to the book.