Shree (or Shri) Hanuman Chalisa is a Hindu devotional song in the praise of Lord Hanuman. Written by the saint-poet Goswami Tulsidas, the song consists of 40 verses with one starting and one concluding couplet. The song illustrates the perseverance, valor, strength and humbleness of Hanuman and his devotion to Lord Rama. Chanting of Hanuman Chalisa is thought to inspire courage and power to overcome obstacles and challenges.
Hanuman is a monkey deity and is believed to be an avatar of Lord Shiva. A major character in the Hindu epic, “Ramayana,” Hanuman was the son of Anjana and Vayu, the wind god. As a child, Hanuman was granted with the boons of immortality and immeasurable strength. Hanuman met Lord Rama who was on an exile in a forest and was searching for his abducted wife, Sita. Hanuman joined Lord Rama and his brother Lakshman to rescue Sita.
Hanuman flew over to Lanka and found Sita in the garden of the demon king, Ravana. This followed a series of battles between Rama’s monkey army and Ravana’s demons. One of Hanuman’s greatest feats was saving the life of Lakshmana who was injured in a battle. Hanuman picked up an entire mountain range in the Himalayas that contained a life-giving herb and brought it back just in time to cure Lakshmana.