The pyramids of Egypt and the pyramids found throughout South America share similarities in structural design and in purpose. They were built for the same purpose: the glorification of rulers and deities. Both are four-sided structures constructed of stone that narrow toward the top.
The pyramids of South America share more than just their structural design and purpose. They also share a common period of construction time. The Egyptian pyramids were built between 2650 B.C. and A.D. 400. The South American pyramids were built between approximately 1000 B.C. and the 1500s.
The most well-known pyramids of South America are the Temple of the Sun and the Temple of the Moon. Both are located in modern Teotihuacan, Mexico. Unlike the Egyptians, many different civilizations built pyramids in South America. Some of these include the Mayans, the Incas, the Aztecs and the Olmec.
The most notable pyramids of ancient Egypt are the three great pyramids of Giza. The largest of the three is the oldest and was built for the Pharaoh Khufu. The middle pyramid was built for Khafre, Khufu's son. This is the pyramid the Great Sphinx is most associated with. The final pyramid was built for the Pharaoh Menkaure, Khafre's son.