The Academy Awards process of selection includes both a nomination process and a final voting process. Only voting members are eligible to take part in the selection process. The process starts in November of each year and ends with the live, televised awards ceremony the following February.
The nomination process involves voting members selecting five nominees for each award. While all voting members take part in the vote for Best Picture, the individual award nomination process only involves members affiliated with the specific award, such as Best Editing nominations are selected by film editors. These nomination votes take place both online and by paper vote. PricewaterhouseCoopers, an audit and consulting service, counts all the votes for both processes. After the nomination process ends, a press conference announcing the nominations takes place in January. The majority of the award categories have five nominees; however, the Best Picture category has 10.
The final vote takes place both online and by paper ballot. About 6,000 voting members take part in the final vote for each award, regardless of affiliation. After the results are finalized, the identity of the winners stays known to only two members of PricewaterhouseCoopers. The final vote for Best Picture involves a process of elimination until one of the nominated films receives at least 50 percent of the vote.