Jalal adDin Muhammad Rumi, often known simply as Rumi, was a Persian poet from the 13th Century, regarded for his verses that have impacted literature, spirituality, philosophy and culture. In addition to his work as a poet, Rumi was a spiritual leader and third-generation Sufi mystic after his father and grandfather. His most famous works include "The Works of Shams Tabriz" and "The Masnavi (Spiritual Verses)."
The best-selling poet in the United States Rumi is also known as Mowlana Jalaloddin Balkhi and Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Balkhi. Rumi became a spiritual leader to over 10,000 followers in present-day Turkey upon his father's death in 1231.
While he wrote throughout his life, his best-known works are from his life post-1244 after meeting a close friend, Shams. The disappearance of Shams inspired "The Shams," a work of over 40,000 verses. Rumi spent his final years dictating the six-volume "Spiritual Verses," a work so significant it is widely regarded as the Persian equivalent of the Qur'an.