English poet, short story writer and novelist Rudyard Kipling is best remembered for his children's stories, such as "Rikki-Tikki-Tavi" and "The Jungle Book" as well as the poem "If." He was supportive of British imperialism and wrote several pieces as a journalist about British soldiers in India. He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1907.
Born in 1865 in Bombay, India, Kipling received his education in England, returning to India in 1892. His first job was with a local newspaper. Shortly thereafter, he began writing short stories based on the sights and sounds of India. These were published as a collection called "Plain Tales From the Hills," which established his reputation as a writer in England.
After marrying, he settled in Brattleboro, where he wrote "The Jungle Book," among other works, according to Biography.com. After the birth of his first child, Kipling began focusing on children's stories. His tales became popular among children throughout the world, leading him to become the highest-paid living writer of his day.
According to the Poetry Foundation, the sales of Kipling's books targeting an adult audience waned somewhat following his death, in large part owing to his outspoken loyalty to the British Empire. However, his children's writing remained popular, which cemented his reputation as an accomplished writer.