One of the major influences that the Roman Empire had on Western architecture is that of creating buildings that are designed for the access of the public, according to About.com. This is best seen as an example in the Pantheon in Rome, where it is clear that the building is one of the first temples intended for access by the public.Continue Reading
The Roman style of architecture provides large symmetrical buildings big in stature. They have easy access for the public, making them inviting to those utilizing them. The buildings themselves stand out as art work in the way that they are structured and often with the many stone embellishments and statues surrounding them. This is true of the modern buildings created after similar styling, as well as the style that is used for many city churches and government buildings.
The artwork in the Pantheon, as well as the domed roof, was a big influence for more than 2,000 years in Western architecture, according to About.com. People can see the influences in the Western world left by Roman architecture from the use of arches to the amphitheater style of design, according to EmpireRome.com. It is easy to see the elaborate styles in much of the architecture in major cities throughout the United States over the last several centuries.Learn more about Architecture
Roman architecture consisted of numerous structures, styles and utilitarian solutions that are still used in modern times. For example, the Romans popularized the use of the dome and the arch. Their use of aqueducts and sewage systems revolutionized the science of civil engineering.Full Answer >
Some of the factors that enabled the Roman Empire to expand and become the most powerful force in the Western World during its time were the efficient use of its resources, the ability to construct dependable fortifications, bridges, ports and roads, the political tactic of bringing conquered peoples into its governing and territorial expansion programs, a professional military and a strong and often autocratic centralized ruling body. Although the Romans absorbed many elements of the previous Greek civilization, the structure of the Roman Empire was less dependent on the cooperation of rival city-states than the Greeks were.Full Answer >
The Roman Empire began with the crowning of Gaius Octavian Thurinus in 31 B.C. and fell to the German Goths in A.D. 476, for a total of 507 years. The Byzantine Empire, Rome's eastern half, did not fall until the Ottoman Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453.Full Answer >
In theory and practice, the study of tectonics in architecture places an emphasis on architecture as a constructional craft. Modern architecture, for all its focus on space and abstract form, ought be as much about structure and construction. Those who appreciate tectonics fear that contemporary architecture dismisses the importance of structure and construction too readily.Full Answer >