Roman architecture consisted of numerous structures, styles and utilitarian solutions that are still used in modern times. For example, the Romans popularized the use of the dome and the arch. Their use of aqueducts and sewage systems revolutionized the science of civil engineering.Continue Reading
One of the most notable influences of Roman architecture on modern constructions is the use of columns. American courthouses often feature a column design that evokes the buildings of Rome. Arches are also a major Roman contribution to western architecture. Although the Romans did not come up with the arch (the structure dates all the way back to Mesopotamia in the second millennium B.C.), they made widespread use of it in an unprecedented way. Whereas previous cultures had only sporadically used the arch for underground drains, the Romans applied it to gates, bridges and aqueducts. Roman aqueduct systems were the most ambitious projects of their kind in the ancient world and have greatly influenced modern public water systems.
The Roman sanitation system was innovative as well. Running water flowed through latrines (an early precursor to the toilet) and carried waste through a complex network of drains to a nearby stream. Although the knowledge of this sewer system was lost during the Dark Ages, engineers and architects of the modern era developed public waste disposal methods very similar to what the Romans used. Modern architecture is also indebted to ancient Rome for pioneering the use of concrete.Learn more about Architecture
Expressionist architecture boasts many world famous, futuristic looking buildings including the Sydney Opera House in Australia, the Biosphère in Montreal, and the Yoyogi National Gymnasium in Tokyo, host of the 2020 Summer Olympic Games. Many music venues worldwide feature this fantasy-inspired style, including the Guangzhou Opera House in China, the Copenhagen Opera House, the Berlin Philharmonic and the Auditorio de Tenerife in Spain.Full Answer >
Art Deco architecture incorporates stylized, geometric designs with flat roofs on buildings and use of concrete, stone, stucco and Terracotta. This style was popular from 1925 to about 1950.Full Answer >
A 3-tier architecture is a unique client and server architecture that is split between three functions, including business services, data services and application services. A 3-tier architecture supports a graphic user interface that allows a user to interact with the graphic capabilities of a program.Full Answer >
Mathematics is the foundation of architecture. The relationship between math and architecture dates back to the earliest examples of man's building of functional structures. In ancient Byzantine, Egyptian, Greek, Islamic and Roman societies, mathematicians were architects, and architects were mathematicians. Mathematicians were called upon when great structures like pyramids, stadia, temples, ziggurats and irrigation projects were to be designed and built.Full Answer >