Popular African American authors include Langston Hughes, Toni Morrison, Fredrick Douglass, W.E.B. Du Bois and Alice Walker. Hughes wrote poetry, novels and plays during the 1920s, becoming the leader of the African-American Harlem renaissance literary movement.
Morrison won both a Nobel Prize and a Pulitzer Prize for her contributions to literature, such as the novels "Song of Solomon" and "Beloved." Douglass penned several autobiographical accounts of his early life as a slave and played a prominent role in the 19th century Abolitionist movement. Du Bois, the co-founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, wrote mainly non-fiction essays, such as those included his popular collection "The Souls of Black Folks." Walker received a Pulitzer Prize for her influential novel "The Color Purple."