What Are Some Poetic Devices in "The Raven"?

The literary devices Edgar Allan Poe uses in "The Raven" include imagery and symbolism, which he uses to portray the narrator's mood. Poe also incorporates a metaphor in the poem to create tension.

Imagery is a device Poe incorporates into this poem. The bird is black, representing darkness. The room is filled with shadows, which helps Poe create a gloomy mood. The raven slowly terrifies the narrator, which causes him to believe the bird is nothing but the image of a demon. His shadow at the end of the poem creates a sense of despair for the narrator.

Another device Poe uses is symbolism, with the raven being the most significant. Ravens are generally seen as a bad omen, and having the bird repeat the negative word, "Nevermore," adds to the overall hopeless ambiance Poe intended to create. Because the bird haunts the narrator, it becomes a symbol of evil.

Poe also uses a metaphor in the poem. Poe personifies the raven, making it more mysterious than the average raven should be. As the poem progresses, the raven becomes a prophet and then it turns into a devil. Its eyes burn into the narrator’s core, leading him to assume the raven has magical qualities with diabolical intentions.