T.S. Eliot's "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock," William Shakespeare's "Sonnet 73" and Emily Dickinson's "Apparently With No Surprise" are poems that use figurative language. Eliot uses metonymy, Shakespeare uses metaphor and Dickinson uses personification.
In "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock," Eliot uses metonymy, a technique in which a writer uses a term closely related to a particular thing to stand for that thing itself, when he compares fog to a cat. The speaker in Shakespeare's poem metaphorically compares himself to a tree in winter, a dying fire and a sunset to symbolize his declining youth. Dickinson personifies flowers, frost and the sun by giving them human characteristics in "Apparently With No Surprise."