Piet Mondrian had many artistic influences throughout his life, from traditional painting approaches to experimental ideas like Cubism. His later years in Holland and New York brought out simpler, more colorful elements in his work.Continue Reading
Piet Mondrian's was born on March 7, 1872, in the Netherlands. From 1892 to 1897 he studied at the Rijksakademie van Beeldende Kunsten in Amsterdam. There, his work was natural and representational. Mondrian's first influences were academic subjects like landscape and still life. He also favored symbolism and Dutch impressionism.
In 1909 Mondrian's work began to evolve as he explored Pointillism. He loved the luminous colors, similar to those in Van Gogh's work. Mondrian began to use abstract subjects. In 1911 he decided to move to Paris to explore Cubism. He was intrigued by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque's Cubist works, which he saw on exhibition in Amsterdam.
Because of World War I, Mondrian had to stay in Holland and could not return to Paris. There, he and other artists founded the DeStijl art movement. This group applied simple, abstract design not only to painting but also to graphic design and architecture. As a result, Mondrian's work became lighter and simpler.
The events of World War II caused Mondrian to move to New York in 1940. The city greatly influenced his style. He felt happier and enjoyed the rhythm of city life. This influence showed in rhythmic, colorful lines instead of the heavier, darker lines he used in the past.Learn more about Painting