Pablo Picasso lived from 1881 to 1973. The artist worked in a variety of media, but was best known for his painting. Picasso was one of the most influential people in the history of art due to his development of Cubism and abstract painting. However, he also worked in many other styles.
Picasso was born in 1881 in Málaga, Spain. His full name, which honored many saints and relatives, was Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Martyr Patricio Clito Ruíz y Picasso.
Picasso completed his first painting at the age of 9 and applied at Barcelona's School of Fine Arts at the age of 14. Picasso's Blue Period, the first of many different phases of his artistic life, began in 1901. From 1901 to 1904, he created three influential paintings, "Blue Nude," "La Vie" and "The Old Guitarist."
In 1907, Picasso produced "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon." The painting was unlike any of his previous work and signaled his entrance into cubism and abstract art. From Cubism, Picasso moved into realism, and then surrealism. His most famous painting, "Guernica," was created during his surrealism phase.
Art historians credit Picasso with the invention of constructed sculpture and the co-invention of collage. He was also a sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist and stage designer.
Picasso died in Mougins, France, at the age of 92.