Who Are Some Notable German Artists From the 19th Century?


Quick Answer

Some notable German artists from the 19th century include Caspar David Friedrich, Philipp Otto Runge, and Carl Eduard Ferdinand Blechen. While Friedrich and Blechen both specialized as landscape painters, Runge focused on his color theory called the "color sphere." All three artists were inspired by the German "Sturm und Drang" movement.

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Friedrich, born on Sept. 4, 1774, painted pieces such "Rocky Landscape in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains" in 1822, "Wanderer above the Sea of Fog" in 1818, "Man and Woman Contemplating the Moon" in 1830, and "The Cross in the Mountains" in 1807, which was his first major work. He died on May 7, 1840.

Born on July 23, 1777, Runge got a late start into a career in painting. His works included "Lily of Light and Morning Star" in 1808, "The Lesson of the Nightingale" in 1804, "The Artist's Parents" in 1806 and "The Artist's Wife and Son" in 1807. He died of tuberculosis on Dec. 2, 1810.

Born on July 29, 1789, Blechen painted works such as "The Interior of the Palm House on the Pfaueninsel Near Potsdam" in 1834, "Pilgrim in the Woods" in 1825, and "Church and Graveyard in the Snow by Moonlight" in 1827. He died on July 23, 1840.

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