While most Philippine literature was written under the significant influence of the occupying Spanish powers during the 1800s, there is also a viable body of work written in the 20th and 21st centuries that makes an important contribution to world literature, which makes it a worthwhile culture to analyze. Philippine literature includes poetry, metrical romances, educational and religious prose, religious and secular drama and modern nationalist literature.Continue Reading
While the indigenous language of the Philippines is Tagalog, it was not until the Spanish government brought free public education to the archipelago in 1863 that literacy became widespread and literature became a possible area of emphasis in the Philippine culture. Early Philippine poems included corridos and awit, two types of poems meant to provide entertainment and edification.
"The Panunuluyan" was written in Tagalog and is the dramatization of Mary and Joseph's quest to reach Bethlehem. "Cenaculo" dramatizes the final day of the life of Jesus Christ, while "Salubong" puts the meeting of the risen Jesus and Mary on the stage.
Secular dramas included "The Karagatan," which is a play about the courage of men trying to win the hand of a young woman.
Modern writers of note include Claro Mayo Recto and Wenceslao Retana in essay and drama, as well as Guillermo Gomez Wyndham and Antonio M. Abad in fiction.Learn more about Classics
Factors that influenced William Shakespeare include the study of classical literature and London culture as well as the people he associated with throughout his lifetime. Writers such as Chaucer and Plutarch also greatly inspired Shakespeare's work.Full Answer >
Great literature is a story that encapsulates the time period in which it was written, while maintaining universal themes regarding human existence. Great literature is able to do this through artistic prose that is accessible to the reader while representative of the character.Full Answer >
Jalal adDin Muhammad Rumi, often known simply as Rumi, was a Persian poet from the 13th Century, regarded for his verses that have impacted literature, spirituality, philosophy and culture. In addition to his work as a poet, Rumi was a spiritual leader and third-generation Sufi mystic after his father and grandfather. His most famous works include "The Works of Shams Tabriz" and "The Masnavi (Spiritual Verses)."Full Answer >
The Odyssey has many different archetypes that are still relevant in literature, film art, and theater. Some of the archetypes include the trickster, the mentor, the temptress and the underworld archetype.Full Answer >