One of the most famous Greek myths about Demeter involves the goddess cursing the earth after her daughter Persephone is kidnapped by Hades and taken to the underworld, causing plants to wither and die, and leaving the ground barren. In this myth, Persephone is eventually rescued but is forced to return to the underworld for four months of the year. During Persephone's absence, Demeter withdraws from the world and grieves for her daughter, causing winter.
In Greek mythology, Demeter was the goddess of the harvest, as well as corn and grain. According to mythology, she was responsible for introducing mankind to growing and harvesting corn, and images of Demeter frequently showed the goddess wearing a wreath made of ears of corn.
Additionally, Demeter was considered the goddess of fertility, and she is associated with livestock and crops, such as poppy and narcissus. Since she was considered responsible for a successful harvest, the first loaf of bread baked each year was traditionally presented to her.
There were several celebrations related to Demeter each year, including the Thesmophoria, a fertility festival attended solely by women. Additionally, celebrations of Demeter known as the Eleusinian Mysteries were held every five years in the town of Eleusis, but many details of the celebration were kept secret.