Sherlock Holmes, a fictional character created by author Sir Aurthur Conan Doyle, played the violin. Holmes was a detective known for his astute skills of observation and the ability to solve difficult cases. He is the main character in four novels and fifty-six short stories
All but four of the Sherlock Holmes stories were narrated by Holmes' friend and biographer, Dr. John Watson. In Conan Doyle's first Sherlock story, "A Study in Scarlet," Watson made a list of skills and assessed Holmes' ability in various areas. It was in this list that Watson stated that Sherlock Holmes played the violin well.