Michelangelo was a painter, architect, sculptor, engineer and poet during the Italian Renaissance. He is famous for works such as the David, Pieta, The Last Judgment painting and depictions of scenes from the book of Genesis in the Sistine Chapel in Rome.
Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni is the artist’s entire name; he was born on March 6, 1475 and died Feb. 18, 1564. He became a pupil of Domenico Ghirlandaio when he was 13 and attended Florence ruler Lorenzo de’ Medici’s school from 1490 to 1492. There Michelangelo was influenced by esteemed people who expanded his views on art and sexuality.
The French ambassador in the Holy See in November of 1497 commissioned the Pieta sculpture, and the Guild of Wool in Florence requested Michelangelo to complete a statue of David started 40 years earlier by Agostino di Duccio. The large statue made of marble was completed in 1504, and launched Michelangelo into prominence. The Creation of Adam, Adam and Eve in Eden, the Great Flood, Cumaean Sibyl and the Prophet Isaiah were the most famous of the nine scenes painted on the Sistine Chapel. Michelangelo began painting The Last Judgment in 1508 and completed it in 1512.