Delacroix is a surname which means "of the cross" in French. Originally, the name Delacroix was given to people who lived near a church, a cross symbol or a crossroads.
The use of the name Delacroix is most associated with Eugène Delacroix, a French painter who lived from 1798 to 1863. The artist was known as the leader of the French Romantic tradition, notably painting dramatic historical and political scenes. He is known for his painting "Liberty Leading the People," which is now housed in the Louvre-Lens, in Lens, Pas-de-Calais. He inherited his surname from his father, Charles-François Delacroix, who was the French ambassador to the Netherlands and the French Minister of Foreign Affairs during his career in politics.