Mathematics is the foundation of architecture. The relationship between math and architecture dates back to the earliest examples of man's building of functional structures. In ancient Byzantine, Egyptian, Greek, Islamic and Roman societies, mathematicians were architects, and architects were mathematicians. Mathematicians were called upon when great structures like pyramids, stadia, temples, ziggurats and irrigation projects were to be designed and built.Continue Reading
Without mathematics in any historical epoch, structures would lack integrity. For a building to have strength and stability, it must have precise angles, wall lengths and roof measurements.
Architectural aesthetics or beauty is largely dependent on mathematics. Architects like Louis Sullivan added ornamental designs to buildings to enhance their beauty. Such designs employed symmetry, geometric shapes, fractals and other wallpaper-type patterns that derive from mathematics.
Contemporary architects use computer software engineered specifically for architecture involving partial derivatives, multiple integrals and systems of differential equations. This type of math is also helpful in adding volume to rooms under specific constraints or maximizing the amount of sunlight entering a room. Such mathematical principles and formulas enable architects to make rooms and buildings appear and feel a certain way to their occupants. These principles also provide architecture with utility and enable the architect to ensure that the purpose of the building is evident.Learn more about Architecture
The influence of ancient Greek architecture is evident in almost every style of architecture in use today. Any building that uses columns, such as the White House, can trace the roots of its architectural style to ancient Greece.Full Answer >
Eco architecture is a form of architectural practice that seeks to reduce the negative ecological impact of structural development through the use of sustainable construction materials and enhanced efficiency. The Regenerative Leadership Institute states that the practice emphasizes creating structures that complement the environment.Full Answer >
The Redondo Beach House, Container City in London, and the prefabricated Quik House are examples of shipping container architecture. While these examples are designed to house residents, shipping containers have also been used to build cafes, artists' retreats and recording studios.Full Answer >
Traditional types of church architecture include a basilica, with a large inside space and vaulted roof; the Latin cross, which adds two wings to the basilica design; and the central plan, which is usually square. Modern church layouts use aspects of the traditional forms but focus more on aesthetics, light and sound.Full Answer >