The Taj Majal was primarily made of white marble and red sandstone. Other construction materials used for the world-famous Indian monument include gray and yellow sandstone, black slate, different kinds of bricks, sweet limestone, reed glue and red clay. Molasses, curd, jute and fossilized soil were mixed with lime to serve as mortar and cementing material for the building.Continue Reading
The Taj Majal is also famous for its use of a wide variety of semi-precious stones as a decorative element of the building. The different semi-precious stones that were used in the Taj Majal are agate, turquoise, Lapis lazuli, coral, onyx, cat's eye, jade and bloodstone. Rare stones were also used and these are goldstone, Zahar-mohra, Ajuba, Abri, Khathu, Nakhod and Maknatis. Some of the semi-precious stones were imported from places as far away as Sri Lanka, China, Tibet, Afghanistan and Arabia.
The construction employed some 20,000 workers with expert craftsmen brought in from other countries. Calligraphers came from Syria and Persia, some sculptors were from Bukhara (Uzbekistan) and stone cutters were employed from Baluchistan (part of modern day Iran).
The construction of the Taj Majal took more than 20 years, with the construction of the plinth and tomb needing 12 years, while the remaining parts of the structure needing some 10 years more. The construction of Taj Majal was constructed from 1632 to 1653. It was commissioned by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in dedication to his third wife Mumtaz Mahal who died while giving birth.Learn more about Architecture
Construction of the Taj Mahal cost more than 32 crore rupees, according to Tajmahal.org.uk, which in today's currency is more than $200 million dollars for the building and its surroundings. More than 20,000 workers contributed, and construction took place over a 22-year period from 1631 to 1653.Full Answer >
Although the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan first ordered the building of the Taj Mahal in 1632, it took 20 years or so to build it. Ustad Ahmad Lahouri was likely the architect that oversaw the majority of the work.Full Answer >
What makes metal house planning unique is that a building can be designed cheaply, and the flexibility of such cheap raw materials allows buyers to customize the plans to their own needs. Using steel to frame a house equals approximately 11 recycled cars, showing this material as being environmentally friendly.Full Answer >
The Sydney Opera House is primarily made from concrete, granite, glass and ceramic materials. Its trademark white shells are made from precast concrete reinforced with steel and are covered by over 1 million ceramic tiles. Other walls are made from laminated glass supported by steel mullions or by granite-clad concrete.Full Answer >