Some major characteristics of surrealism include dreams and unconsciousness as a valid reality, depictions of perverse sexuality, scatology, decay or violence and chance and spontaneity. Other key characteristics are an emphasis on the mysterious, marvelous, mythological or irrational ideas and the exposure of uncensored feelings.
Surrealism is a form of art that is strange and ambiguous and it also challenges accepted social behavior boundaries. Artists of this genre express basic human motivational factors such as hunger, sexuality, fear, anger and ecstasy. The writings of Sigmund Freud pertaining to the ego, dreams and the superego greatly inspired surrealism. Examples of famous surrealism artists include Salvador Dali, Leonora Carrington and Frida Kahlo.