Jose Rizal's "My Last Farewell" is a poem about his impending death as he wanted to honor his homeland, the pre-Hispanic Philippines, for which he was giving his life. He also used the poem to say goodbye to his friends, family and loved ones.Continue Reading
Rizal faced execution shortly after he wrote the poem, on December 30, 1896, at the hands of a Spanish army firing squad. The army's intent was to kill Filipino soldiers like Rizal, who had formed a rebellion against the Spanish incursion. Rizal hid the poem in an alcohol stove for his family members to find.
Rizal's poem was originally written in Spanish, without a title or date attached to it. It has also been translated with the title, "Goodbye, My Beloved Fatherland." Rizal is considered a national hero in the Philippines, and his poem was later recited by Indonesian soldiers prior to battle during the Indonesian National Revolution in the 1940s.
"My Last Farewell" is required reading in schools in the Philippines. It is 14 stanzas long, and lauded for its nationalism. Rizal emphasizes in the poem that in his death, he is finally finding freedom from the oppression and enslavement the Filipinos faced at the hands of the Spanish.Learn more about Literature
Jose Rizal was a hero of Filipino ancestry who was not inspired by any person, so much as by the plight of his people under Spanish colonial rule. He was a prodigy from a very young age, and eventually excelled at medicine, literature, martial arts, painting and agriculture.Full Answer >
“El Amor Patrio” (The Love of Country), Revista De Madrid” (Review of Madrid), “Los Agricultores Filipinos” (The Filipino Farmers) and “A La Defensa” (To La Defensa) are all essays written by Jose Rizal. He also wrote “Los Viajes” (Travels) and “La Verdad Para Todos” (The Truth for All).Full Answer >
Due to his association with the members of Katipunan, Jose Rizal was implicated as one of its founders and was tried for sedition, rebellion and conspiracy before a military court. Rizal was already in the Mediterranean when he was arrested en route and brought back to Manila for trial. He was convicted as guilty of all three charges. He was sentenced to death and was exiled to Dapitan in 1893.Full Answer >
While Jose Rizal is considered a national hero by many for his pivotal role in the Philippine Revolution against the Spaniards, there is no official national hero of the Philippines. In 1898, December 30 was declared a national day of mourning for the death of Rizal and others during the revolution.Full Answer >