Jack London was an author and journalist who lived from 1876 until 1916, and he is most famous for writing the adventure novels "Call of the Wild" and "White Fang." After working as a gold prospector in the Klondike, he returned home to San Francisco, California and began publishing his writings.
Jack London was an outspoken socialist and one of the most famous writers of his time. His birth name was John Griffith Chaney, but he began calling himself Jack at a young age. Jack London did not have a relationship with his father growing up, and his mother's husband moved him around Northern California until they eventually settled in Oakland. As a teen, Jack London worked numerous jobs, including pirating oysters, shoveling coal, working on a sealing ship and working in a cannery.
At the age of 17, Jack London experienced a nearly disastrous voyage at sea, and a typhoon nearly destroyed the ship. Jack told the tale to his mother, who encouraged him to enter a writing contest in the local newspaper. Jack won the contest, and continued to write. Jack wrote prolifically, writing over 50 novels during the last 16 years of his life. He died of kidney disease on his Northern California ranch on November 22, 1916.