Key moments in Anne Frank's life include her family's emigration from Germany in 1933, the family's decision to go into hiding in 1942, and her capture in 1944. After a brief stay in the Westerbork transit camp, Frank was deported to the Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp, where she died in 1945.
Anne Frank was born to Jewish parents in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, on June 12, 1929. Due to rising anti-Semitism, she immigrated with her parents and sister to Amsterdam in 1933. For many years, the family lived a normal life in its new country, but anti-Semitic regulations began to increase there as well. Anne and her sister were transferred from their school to the Joods Lyceum ("Jewish High School") in 1941, and the entire family began wearing the required yellow Stars of David that branded them as Jewish.
Frank received a diary on her 13th birthday, just weeks before the family went into hiding to avoid deportation to Nazi concentration camps. In the diary, she chronicled the family's time in hiding from July 6, 1942, through August 4, 1944. A month after her arrest, Frank was deported to Auschwitz, where she died of typhus in 1945. After the war, her father found her diary among family possessions that friends had held onto after the family's arrest, and he had it published in 1947.